Crime & Justice
How ousting the judge in the Stanford sexual assault case could impact future cases
The six-month jail sentence of Brock Turner, a former Stanford University swimmer convicted of sexual assault last week, has sparked an outcry.
Vice President Joe Biden released a letter of supportfor the victim. California Attorney General Kamala Harris condemned the light sentence.
Now, an effort to recall Judge Aaron Persky, who handed down that sentence, has begun.
NPR's Scott Simon speaks with Michele Dauber, the Stanford law professor who's leading that effort, about why she thinks Judge Persky's sentence is unacceptable, and why he deserves a recall.
On what it was like being in the courtroom when Turner was sentenced
Well, it was very emotional, because the survivor had read her incredible statementand the whole room was in tears. And then he imposed such a light and lenient sentence. People felt really confused and betrayed. All of her high school and college friends that had come were sobbing and they were asking me, "What does this mean, can we appeal, you know, why did he get away with it?" It was really shocking.
On why she believes this sentence is something she can't abide
It is not within sentencing guidelines, it is very, very lenient. One of the crimes for which he was convicted — assault, intent to commit rape – has a minimum guideline sentence of two years with a sort of expected sentence being four years for that crime. And it is also not eligible presumptively for probation. So in order to grant probation in that case the judge had to find on the record that this was an "unusual case" and that the interest of justice really required or would be best served by probation. And he did that by finding that he was intoxicated, and that he was, prior to committing these crimes, a very successful young man who had a great academic record and a lot of athletic accomplishment.
And the reason I say this case is dangerous and it makes women less safe at Stanford and other colleges, is that that description fits essentially every campus rape at Stanford certainly and many schools across the country. So it means that he has essentially taken campus rape out of the category of things you can go to prison for, and awarded it a lighter sentence.
On intoxication and academic success being grounds for a lenient sentence
Nobody gets into Stanford who isn't promising and doesn't have a great record, they all have spectacular records. And we know from research, even here at Stanford, but also nationally, that virtually all campus sexual assaults involve alcohol. So if you say being intoxicated as he was and being promising as he was, is sufficient to get you probation, then you are saying that every campus sexual assault ... would be entitled to probation. It says, you'll never go to prison essentially, if you commit these crimes. So it's really an outrage.
On the argument that Mr. Turner's public image is still damaged for the rest of his life, despite a shorter sentence
Whatever social ostracization that Mr. Turner may experience as a result of the publicity around his crime is quite apart from the law of the state of California, which is extremely clear and that's what I'm concerned with. The state of California doesn't say two years unless the person has been severely shamed on the internet, and then, three months and probation. It says presumptively no probation, unless these certain, very specific criteria are met. And they were not met here, and that's why this judge should not be on the bench.
On how the recall process would work
There's a signature gathering effort that will begin. Those signatures have to be certified and then they are presented. Then they will open the recall campaign. At that point it will go on the ballot. If he is defeated in the recall then another candidate will be selected to take his place.
On whether it makes sense to recall a judge over a single decision, as unpopular as the public may find the decision
It is my belief that sometimes one case can be so bad that it does require strong action and strong repudiation. Judge Persky is a criminal judge, one of the very few criminal judges, who has jurisdiction over Stanford. So that means that we would be waiting six more years in order to remove him according to the regular election process, and any sexual assaults that happen on Stanford campus during that time would be highly unlikely to receive a prison sentence based on this precedent. So we think this is dangerous, we can't really let it go on for another six years. We need justice for women now.